Venice Carnival in Italy
Venice carnival was first held in 1296. After a long time hiatus, the festival was restored in 1980 and is held every year so far. Each year the festival brings a different theme, but all to honor the culture and create a festival for the people happy New Year. During two weeks, the plaza St. Mark, the theater, the streets and buildings of becoming the catwalk of the actors, circus, dancers, musicians ... makes people feel like living in hế seventeenth century.
The mask is the most characteristic of Venice carnival. The mask artisans also own position is respected in society, with the guilds and their own laws. Masks are usually made of leather or cardboard according to traditional techniques. Today, the mask was made from plaster, gold leaf and always be hand-drawn, more detailed decorative feathers, gemstones. Lavra is a common type of mask and the most characteristic of Venice, made of wax and white plaster like the ghost, simple motifs, but with the decorative details on fancy hat.
Upper nobility flocked to Venice before the whole week, with waves of up to 30 thousand people at the time. It is set as gaudy costumes, exquisite masks from a year ago to come to the carnival. On the occasion of carnival, palaces, gardens are open, everywhere people play music and dance. The outdoor bands, the group not working, in alleys, on the square, inserted in every canal in boats Gondole wood, both in Venice live music and color.
Carnival (Carnival) Venice was held in mid-February each year, beginning on the first Wednesday of Lent, ending on Fat Tuesday and then 2 weeks. This is an opportunity for people to have fun, concerts, dance and also a chance to review and praised the history of the country and govern a peaceful, prosperous, equitable society, stability and as encouraging patriotism of each people.
Like many festivals, in addition to maintaining the beauty of these activities has been to the extreme as competition between regional extremists, the different parishes. Even pogroms led to fighting sticks, knives. But revenues from the carnival great that despite seeking to prevent unfair practices, but the city council did not dare to proclaim a ban. Only when the government was overthrown Serinissima Republic (1797), the country fell under the rule of Austria (1815-1866), the new carnival totally prohibited. After the country was unified, the carnival was restored but the festival seems to be an opportunity for people to perform more as a chance to practice the rituals as early childhood.
However, because so many people use masks to avoid being identified in the activities violate the law or harming the honor aristocracy as fencing, gambling, broke into the convent of the Sisters, go brothels ... 1608 City Council had promulgated the decree banning all people to wear masks except time street carnival and important occasions. Who violations will be punished very severely: will have to pay a fine of 500 liras, plus men would have labored on board for 18 months, and women will be beaten pears on the way from Piazza San Marco the Rialto bridge, which will then be disparaged in front of the entire population in the central square. Around mid-19th century to mid-20th century, only gradually carnival is an opportunity for the youth fraternity costume contests. It was not until 1980, after a long time not sized organization, city leaders decided to restore the lavish festivities where they were in ancient times. With careful preparation, meticulous organization, Venice had a true Carnival season after almost a century.
In his 1500 history of the city on the bay made for his brilliant achievements and the excellent work, but in parallel with that, here also had the hatred, fraud, betrayal and both kill each other - of course, not without slavery and struggle - enough information for the story shudder (ghost) lasted an hour. These stories are Andrea tells a queer and fascinating sightseeing tour of "Legends of Venice".
Across the city, day and night, everywhere celebrated the anniversary activities, outdoor bands, spontaneous plays, the clowns red green, and ends with a big dance at the Plaza San Marco. Dances of the people of Venice, who long ago got another live in an atmosphere of such jubilant carnival.